In the Caribbean, unsustainable land management practices are causing soil loss, degraded natural habitats, contributed to the loss of biodiversity and reduced natural buffers to droughts and floods.
FAO Action Against Desertification
Action Against Desertification will concentrate on Haiti, building on lessons learned from Africa's Great Green Wall Initiative to help local communities adopt improved sustainable land and forest management practices and technologies, while enhancing capacities of governmental and non-governmental organizations.
The efforts will address the major factors of land degradation in Haiti, as identified by the National Action Programme for the Implementation of the UN’s Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Haiti:
Inappropriate land tenure system representing a major barrier to sustainable land management
Inadequate land use and land management systems, as well as inappropriate farming and grazing methods on steep lands
Dramatic decrease of the forest cover as a result of excessive timber cutting, as fuel wood and charcoal are the primary sources of energy in rural settlements
High poverty leading to a dependency on natural resources extraction and unsustainable activities for survival.
The programme contributes to the implementation of Haiti’s UNCCD national action plan, the UNCCD’s strategic plan and framework and related initiatives, such as the Quisqueya Green Wall.
Moreover, it will support the implementation of the EU-Caribbean Partnership for Growth, Stability and Development (2006) which identifies priority areas of concern, such as deforestation, biodiversity loss and sustainable natural resource management.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
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